If you are wondering what dental implants are, they are basically a screw made of titanium that is inserted into the bone in your jaw and then a fake tooth is attached to it. An implant is a great option to replace a missing tooth. It functions very well and looks practically identical to a real tooth.
Your bone likes titanium and will grow right into the titanium implant at a microscopic level, fusing the implant to the bone. Once the titanium implant is inserted and the bone heals around it the implant becomes a part of your body and can’t be unscrewed anymore. It can be eaten on and looks just like a normal tooth.
Benefits of Dental Implants Over Bridges and Dentures
There are many benefits of using implants to replace missing teeth than the other available options. The main benefits of dental implants are:
- Dental implants look like a real tooth. This is because an implant tooth is made of porcelain rather than acrylic and the implant tooth is inserted into the implant at the bone level, so comes out of the gum like a normal tooth does. A denture tooth is made of acrylic and has only a few colour options, so never matches the surrounding teeth very well. A bridge is also made of porcelain and can match surrounding teeth well, but it sits above the gum line and looks unnatural because of this.
- Dental implants work like a real tooth. The implant is directly inserted into the bone, so can take the full force of chewing. A denture sits on top of the soft gum and can only be chewed on with about a quarter of the force of a normal tooth. A bridge can be eaten on much better than a denture, but the force of the bite is now on fewer teeth. If the bridge is replacing one tooth, then two teeth now take the load of three, if the bridge is replacing two teeth, then two teeth are now taking the load of four teeth…you get the idea.
- Dental implants prevent surrounding teeth becoming crooked. When a tooth is lost, the teeth next to it drift into the space like books do when a book is taken out from a bookcase. A dental implant will fill this space and prevent the other teeth moving into it.
- Dental implants prevent bone loss following the loss of a tooth. When a tooth is lost, the bone around the tooth is no longer needed and the body will gradually cannibalize the bone. As the bone is lost, your face can sink in and this can have a detrimental affect on your appearance. Only a dental implant can stop this happening. The bone treats the implant like it is a tooth and will be conserved.
- Dental implants don’t get decay! An implant, unlike a bridge, will never get decay as it is made out of metal and porcelain. A bridge is hard to clean under and they often fail after one or both teeth supporting the bridge get decay under them. Dental implants are much better for the surrounding teeth as they are easy to clean around unlike a bridge.
- Dental implants are better for surrounding teeth. A dental implant can be placed without having to do anything to the teeth on either side of the implant. A bridge requires the teeth supporting the bridge to have much of the tooth structure drilled away to allow space for the bridge to sit on. This can lead to these teeth needing expensive root canals done on them, possibly damaging the bridge during the process.
- Dental implants last a very long time and rarely fail. The first implants were placed in the mid 1960s. The first person to get one, died about a decade ago and it was still functioning at the time of his death. The second person to get an implant in the 1960s is still alive and the implant is still functioning! A bridgeon the other hand will typically only last about ten years.
Problems with Dental Implants
There are some occasions where dental implants are not your best option. Some examples of these are:
- You are on a budget. Implants can be very expensive! Typically an implant costs between $4000 to $6000 just to replace one tooth. This is about twice the cost of a bridge and easily five times the cost of a partial plate. If implants are used to replace a whole mouth of missing teeth, this could easily cost over $50000! Dental Departures is an organization that can help if you need to find reputable dentists abroad who can place implants at a fraction of the cost. Click here to read more about Dental Departures.
- You have lost too much bone. An implant needs bone to insert into. If there is not enough bone available, then a bone graft can work, but adds to the expense. Also if so much bone is lost that the face is already quite sunken in, then a denture may be a better alternative as it can replace the lost volume with acrylic and push the lips and cheeks out better than an implant can in that situation.
- Serious medical condition. Implants need to be placed surgically. If you are so unwell that minor surgery is still too much of a risk, then implants are probably not a good option. This is unusual though and if you were that unwell, I doubt whether you’d be reading this article.
There are other factors that decrease the likelihood of the implant working. For example if you smoke and/or have gum disease, the chances of your bone not fusing to the implant properly are greater than most. However, the success rate is still over 90% (the success rate is normally 97% or higher in healthy, non-smokers).
As you can see, I am a big fan of implants. I really think they are a fantastic option for people who have lost teeth. However, implants aren’t cheap. I find most of my patients would love to get one to replace their teeth rather than get a denture or a bridge, but find the price too high. Not surprising really when you consider you could get a reasonably decent car or an overseas holiday for the price of just one implant!
Speaking of overseas holidays, if you want to have a holiday and get your dental implants restored or other dental work done and still pay less for the holiday and the dental treatment, then you should read my review on Dental Departures.
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Hopefully, in the not too distant future, implants will become much cheaper, allowing most people to afford and benefit from them.
If you have any questions about implants or would like to discuss your own experiences with them, please do so in the comments section.